Ionic Polarization Equipment – ionimax – is a device for water treatment preventing the limescale build-up, helping with limescale removal and its use provides several other benefits.
Ionimax comprises of a flow-through body with inlet and outlet opening. Within the body, there are at least two electrodes. Both electrodes are made of conductive material. The flowing water together with such electrodes create a galvanic wet cell. The voltage of such cell is sufficient enough to cause polarization of flowing water mollecules.
The voltage ranges between 0.6 – 0.8 V. The voltage depends on water conductivity. This effect may be used fow waters with conductivity ranging between 50 – 2,000 uS/cm2, i.e. standard waters with salt content ranging between 50 – 2,000 mg/l.
When water passes between such electrodes, calcium salts (Ca2*), magnesium (Mg*), ferrum (Fe2*, 3*) contained in water as carbonates, sulphates and chlorides dissolve (dissociate) to hydroxides. The consequence is that such particles lose the ability to form crystallic deposits in pipings, boilers, heat exchangers, etc.
The basis of physical treatment of water is a “transfer” or “depositing ”of loose electric charge to individual water molecules, causing polarization (uniform orientation) of such molecules. Such effect causes transformation of shape of soluble solid particles in water in such way they do not form crystalline grid due to various shapes and sizes. Such carbonates continue to form but only as soft particles – being harmless, easily removable sludge instead of hard crystalline deposits. Depositing stops, limescale gradually vanishes and there is no new limescale build-up.